Film Industry, Manjit Jhita

Different Jobs in Film Industry

Manjit Jhita - Development Director/ Lead Producer/Animation

If you love to make career in the film industry, then you are looking at quite competitive business. The good thing about film industry is people will never stop spending on entertainment even in slump. You have pretty good career options in Film industry. Making movies is a lucrative business and you can make money in film industry. We have compiled various careers options of film industry for your resume.

One of the ambiguous titles in Film Industry, a producer can be a writer, an investor, an idea man, a manager or all of the above. In film, the head producer is called the executive producer and is accountable for each and every phase of filmmaking which are pre-production, production and post-production.

The producer reads scripts and hears ideas from writers, directors and agents in pre-production. After selecting an idea, the producer has to arrange money to fund the project. One…

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Different Types Of Animation
Animation, Manjit Jhita

Different Types Of Animation

Entertainment comes from the creative, smart people that will be displayed through various varieties of media. Let’s look into the types of cartoons animation.

Mickey Mouse, Donald Sweet, The Simpsons – those cartoons are popular images by children and people. All these cartoon heroes are the creation of wonderful art of movement that fascinates the attention and make our the child years packed with fun. How are these cartoons on television set or the Internet? Arrive see…

Basic animation is a keyframe, easy and simple. The animation is a presentation of various views and movements, which adds life to your website or a movie. Internet users tend to be fond of surfing a Web site that is well equipped with good graphics. A web designer can not design the site with no implementation of the basic animation, due to the advantages in the market on the Internet. In simple terms, the basic animation is the impression of various movements linked along within an appropriate way for visitors / audiences get to see the effect of the well harmonized set of actions.

See also: Short History Of Animation Films

In general, the art is beautiful animation created with the Java language. Intended for example: If you need to show a bouncing ball, you have to take the ball from different positions in several shapes, or “pictures” because they are called. In the first picture, you can see the ball on the ground in the second frame, the ball slightly above walk away, the third shows the ball 2 to 3 feet above the floor, the fourth one will come a bit ball and so on until finally the ball is in the grass. These drawings are made with the help of scanning equipment, software, complementing sound effects, time management and taken pictures with a camera. In the final result, you can find a similar animation to live action for a child to bounce the ball up and down in the grass.

Three basic types of Animation

The basic types of animation are the key sign of animation result. Three basic types are cel animation, stop movement, and computer animation.

Cel Movement

Cel animation relates to the conventional way of animating several hand paintings. In the process of animation, different images are made, which is slightly different, however the progressive nature that illustrate certain actions. Search for the designs on a transparent sheet. This translucent sheet is recognized as the cellular and is just one way of stretching. Right now, draw the outlines for photographs and the colors on the back of CEL. The CEL is an efficient technique that helps you to save time by combining styles and origins. You can also define the prior drawings on other experience or cels as needed. Here you do not have the same picture again, because it has the capacity to save previous animations which you can use when necessary. Coloring and a background can be a task more difficult than a single sketching, as it covers the complete image. Context requires light and shadow and will be observed in a long time. Then use your camera to photograph these drawings.

Stop Animation

Give up motion animation is a method to make objects proceed their own. Here, some images are drawn in several positions and photographed independently. Puppetry is one of a kind widely used image animation of the. A lot of famous movies that are animated by the consequence of Sovereign Kong stop motion is the dinosaur and the missing link, The Bane of the vegetables and The Lost World.

See also: Is 2016 the Best Year for Animation Ever

Computer system Animation

Computer animation is the latest animation techniques including 2D and computer animation 3d software. These activities not only increase the design of the characters, but also make it seem to be real in relation to these activities.

2D Animation: Employed by PowerPoint and Flash animations. Though its features resemble cel animation, 2D animation has became popular due to simple application drawings scanned in the computer as an cartoon film.

Types Of Animation

3D Animation: That is employed in the film, where we need uncommon objects or characters that are not easy to show. Using 3D animations to make a group of men and women in a tragedy like earthquake, flood or warfare. There are different kinds of aid of mathematical unique codes, the display of activities and colors that are striking when it is copied from an actual photo.

The above three basic types of animation have helped bring a new era of extraordinary technology of the Internet (web-site design and graphics), film and press. In addition, the movement is one of the extremely popular Internet marketing strategies that will keep visitors on your site longer.

Today, the cel animation is made more desirable by using drawings, combined with the music, appear effects matching and the association of time of each and every effect. What, for example, cartoon, 10-12 frames every second are played in rapid succession, giving rendering of cel animation activity.

Animated Movies
Best Animated Films, Manjit Jhita

Is 2016 the Best Year for Animation Ever

Manjit Jhita said 2016 the greatest year ever for animated movies? It’s entirely possible. A record 27 animated features were submitted for consideration for the 89th Academy Awards, and competition is tight at the Annie Awards, an annual ceremony celebrating animation.

Zootopia Movie

The bigger studios had several strong movies making for stiff competition on Oscar night. Zootopia, Moana, Kubo and the Two Strings, Sing, and Finding Dory of course gained a lot of attention as films from their respective studios do. But beyond the critical darlings, there were several releases from the major studios that could have been award contenders in other years, like Kung Fu Panda 3, Trolls, and The Secret Life of Pets. While Angry Birds didn’t impress critic circles, it still made nearly $350 million at the box office and will receive a sequel.

My Life as a Zucchini and its Golden Globe


The U.S. wasn’t the only nation offering great animation, as several foreign films have garnered acclaim. My Life as a Zucchini was a surprise Golden Globe nominee to many, Your Name has found itself considered a dark-horse Oscar contender, and Long Way North and April and the Extraordinary World were the recipients of praise as well.

The Little Prince

Many films also took the art form in interesting directions. The Little Prince, adapted from the beloved book, used multiple animation techniques, The Red Turtle had no dialogue, Miss Hokusai was a biopic, and, of course, Sausage Party made the best case for adult-themed cartoons since South Park: Bigger, Longer, and Uncut.

The Jungle Book
One can’t discount films that made use of animation, even if they weren’t animated films in the traditional sense — most of The Jungle Book was animation. Tower and Life, Animated were two documentaries that utilized it to great effect.

Of course, this isn’t the only year to have more than one standout. 2009 had Coraline, Fantastic Mr. Fox, Up, and The Princess and the Frog. 2001 debuted Monsters, Inc., Shrek, Spirited Away, and Jimmy Neutron. 1999 showcased Toy Story 2, The Iron Giant, and the aforementioned South Park: Bigger, Longer, and Uncut.

Still, those years don’t capture the vastness of this year’s field. 2016 is the best year for animation ever until maybe next year.

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Zootropolis Leads Animated Awards Nods
Best Animated Films, Manjit Jhita

Zootopia Leads Animated Awards Nods

Disney animal adventure “Zootropolis” and Laika’s stop-motion fantasy “Kubo and the Two Strings” go into the Annie Awards on 11 and 10 nominations respectively, and both contending the key category of Best Animated Feature.

Bunny-in-the-burg tale “Zootropolis” and magical hero’s journey “Kubo and the Two Strings” are among five nominees for Best Animated feature at the animation industry’s big annual award show, the Annies.

Sharing the Animated Feature shortlist with “Zootropolis” and “Kubo” are Disney Pixar’s “Finding Dory,” Dreamworks’ “Kung Fu Panda 3,” and another Walt Disney Animation picture in the very recently released “Moana.”

In fact, the pair were part of a quintet of nominations in every category they picked up nods for.

Revealed on November 28, those were for outstanding achievements in the specialisms of Animated Effects, Character Animation, Character Design, Directing, Production Design, Storyboarding, Voice Acting, Writing and Editorial.

Zootropolis” picked up its additional nomination after two separate studio members were put forward for the Animated Effects award.

Also featuring in numerous categories ahead of the February 2017 awards ceremony were Pacific Island quest “Moana” and Japanese animé “The Red Turtle.”

Zootropolis Leads Animated Awards

“Moana” has already won significant audience interest worldwide, especially in the US where its box office performance won immediate comparisons with “Frozen” and “Toy Story 2.”

Six Annie Award nominations included one for newcomer and open casting contest winner Auli’i Cravalho, who voices the movie’s main character.

International feature “The Red Turtle,” which had Dutch animator Michaël Dudok de Wit brought in to direct Japan’s Oscar-winning Studio Ghibli, was the most-nominated film named in the Annies’ Best Animated Feature for independent productions.

There it stands alongside “Long Way North,” the French-Swiss “My Life as a Zucchini” (aka. “My Life as a Courgette,”) French-Danish co-production “Long Way North,” and two more in Japanese duo “Your Name” and “Miss Hokusai.”

Others named in multiple categories include “Pearl,” which is part of the Google Spotlight Stories virtual reality series, animated features “Trolls” and “Kung Fu Panda 3,” and TV series “Trollhunters” and “Bob’s Burgers,” which were all nominated four times each.

The nominations announcement comes after the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Science announced a ten-strong shortlist for its animated shorts category at the Academy Awards, which shares “Blind Vaysha,” “Pearl,” and “Finding Dory” accompaniment “Piper” with the Annies’ equivalent selection.

The 2017 Annie Awards take place on February 7. The 2016/17 Hollywood Awards season concludes on February 28 at the Academy Awards.

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Best Animated Films, Manjit Jhita

First Prime Time Animated Series

Manjit Jhita personal post yesterday about Where’s Huddles? led to a discussion about just what points to a prime time cartoon series. The Flintstones is generally said to be the first animated series to air in excellent time but it certainly wasn’t the first example of a network demonstrating animated fare. In 1956, for example, there was CBS Cartoon Theater, published by Dick Van Fag, which presented a variety of Terrytoons theatrical short circuits, featuring characters like Heckle and Jeckle, Gandy Goose and Dinky Duck. The half-hour series premiered on premiered on Wednesday, Summer 13th, running from six: 30-8PM. It was off of the air in less than four months.


On Saturday, December 16th, 1956, CBS TELEVISION STUDIOS premiered The Gerald McBoing-Boing Show (also known as The Boing-Boing Show). That aired from 5: 30-6PM, however, which was outside the house of prime time, and was which has removed by April 1957. Repeats were shown on Fridays from May 30th to October 3rd, 1958 and these broadcasts were shown during prime time from 7: 30-8PM. Then, in September 1960, came The Flintstones, which would finally run for six months. It had been a sitcom in animated form, complete half-hour stories with a chuckle track, as well as its success contributed to a brief burst open of prime time cartoon series: Top Cat (ABC, 1961-1962), The Alvin Exhibit (CBS, 1961-1962), The Bullwinkle Show (NBC, 1961-1962), Calvin and the Colonel (ABC, 1961-1962), The Jetsons (ABC, 1962-1963), Jonny Quest (ABC, 1964-1965) and The Renowned Adventures of Mr. Magoo (NBC, 1964-1965) and others. The Flintstones wasn’t the only prime time cartoon series to debut in the fall of 60; The Bugs Bunny Exhibit premiered on Tuesday, August 11th, 1960 on DASAR, running from 7: 30-8PM on Tuesdays and went until 1962.

First Prime Time Animated Series

The Flinstones

Not all of these shows were, like The Flinstones, full length animated series. Each show of The Alvin Display, for instance, included an Alvin and the Chipmunks segment, two musical sections and a Clyde Crashcup segment. The Bullwinkle Display featured Rocky & Bullwinkle segments as well as Dudley Do-Right segments, Peabody’s Improbable History segments and others, although not every episode had each portion. So do all of these programs count as prime time animated series? Or are some of them “cartoon shows, inch for not enough an improved term, in which multiple portions of various cartoons were aired?

The Fresh Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

When The Flintstones went off the air in 1966, it would be several years before another prime time cartoon series was given a shot. I personally avoid consider NBC’s The Fresh Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which aired during the 1968-1969 season, to be a prime time cartoon series because it was a live-action/animated hybrid. The characters were live famous actors and the backgrounds were animated. Where’s Huddles? was an animated sitcom (very) similar to The Flintstones and it ran through the summer of 1970.

Wait around until Your Father Takes Home aired in excellent time from 1972 to 1974, but it was syndicated so it does not count as a network show, but it was another animated sitcom. Ivan G. Shreve, Jr. directed out that The Glitches Bunny/Road Runner Show broadcast in prime time in short , during the summer of 1976 on CBS. If perhaps just read was repeats of Weekend morning cartoons I’m not sure it counts either. And Barry I. Grauman brought up Jokebook, which premiered on Friday, 04 23rd, 1982 on NBC and ran for only four weeks. Like CBS Toon Theater, it was an assortment of cartoon shorts.

Defining a chief time animated series as a program that was basically an animated sitcom — I’m not aware of any animated a movie — would exclude shows like The Alvin Exhibit and The Bullwinkle Exhibit. Do they offer a good reason for making the definition so tight? Not really. Even if The Flintstones wasn’t exactly the first prime time animated series it was the first to demonstrate popular with viewers.
What are your ideas on defining a prime time animated series? Is there anyone who feels highly about The New Journeys of Huckleberry Finn?

Short History Of Animation Films
Best Animated Films, Manjit Jhita

Short History Of Animation Films

To animate is to infuse life into something that is inanimate or without life. Manjit Jhita explain how an animation film breathes life into painted or sketched characters. The hero and heroines are not real life movie stars or animals and birds.

Animation films involve the quick display of a series of images to give the illusion of movement. It is a kind of optical illusion of movement. The phenomenon is known as vision persistence.

Animation effects began long time ago and not some new invention of the movie world. In the cave paintings of the Old Stone Age the animals were having many legs on superimposed positions in an attempt to capture movement. In the 1800 flip books became popular when by rapidly thumbing through these special books the viewer got the impression of movement. However it was not until the debut of motion picture films that animation films really took off. No one person can be credited to be the creator of animation films. It involved several people in several projects.

Disney Animated - Mnajit Jhita

Georges Melies was the first one to dabble with special effects in movies by using animation techniques. Accidentally he discovered it – the stop-motion animation, when his camera happened to break down. He was shooting a bus. But when he fixed the camera a horse came in the view and the net result was that the bus changed into a horse! J. Stuart Blackton came to combine the techniques of hand-drawn animation and stop-motion for the first time at the turn of the 20th century. Blackton is often referred to as the first successful animator.

French artist Emile Cohl made a film from hand painted cartoon strips name Fantasmagorie in 1908. The film depicted a stick moving and meeting other objects like a wine bottle that becomes changed into a flower. Sometimes the hands of the animator entered the scene. Each frame was drawn on paper and then each was shot on to a negative film that gave a blackboard effect. Thus it can be said that Fantasmagorie was the first animated film to make its debut.

Soon many other artists began to experiment. One was newspaper cartoonist Winsor McCay who began to work with a team. He came to produce some noted films like Little Nemo and Gertie the Dinosaur. In the 1910`s cartoon animated films began to rule the scene. The technique came to known as cel-animation.

Warner Bros and Walt Disney studio came to be legendary names associated with full animation industry in the film world. Limited animation uses less detail. Japan and United Productions of America produced animated films using this method. Another popular technique is rotoscoping. In 1917 Max Fleischer patented it. Here the animators copy frame-by-frame live actions.


The other methods are stop-motion-animation, clay-animation (using clay figures), cutout-animation (using paper and cloth), silhouette-animation, graphic-animation, model-animation, object-animation and puppet animation. In pixilation human beings are used in stop motion roles. This allows for surreal effects like disappearances and appearance. The latest technique of computer animation includes many kinds of techniques. These are made digitally on a computer machine.

Thus we find that in animated films drawings and or paintings are photographed individually by stop-frame cinematography. One frame is slightly different from the other thus giving the illusion of movement. These are moved in rapid succession – about 24 frames in each second. Animation can be regarded as a film technique and not a distinct category of film. These films were ideal for depicting fairy tales and captured the hearts of children for all times to come. It is difficult to find an adult who will not admit enjoying animation films.

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Top 10 Animation Books - Manjit Jhita
Animation Books, Manjit Jhita

Do You Own These Top 10 Animation Books

“Animation can explain whatever the mind of man can conceive.” – Walt Disney

Manjit Jhita Asked have you ever found a book that you began to read which held your attention so much it was difficult to put down? Animators have! When an animator discovers a really good book about his craft they simply can’t lay it down. The book speaks a language only they understand. The best animation books are the ones that you cannot put down. They are an elite group of books written by the founders of animation and only a handful of their students.

Reading alone does not make anyone an animator. But, having the history and knowledge of animation from individuals like Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas at your finger tips is priceless. Those studying animation will quickly find they have committed themselves to a life long adventure of learning the art. Masters of any art form are life long learners. There are ten got to have books we will share with you today. One of these is referred to as the “Animation Bible.”

Studying animation can be just as much fun as animating itself. True study always involves theory and hands on. Reading animation books is necessary for any experienced or aspiring animator if they want to grow in their profession. Think about this for a moment, the following books you are about to become acquainted with cover more than 75 years of animation history. How important do you think they are? The original Disney’s nine old men are all dead now, along with many others like Art Babbitt, but their knowledge and legacy live on through film and books.

The Illusion of Life – Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston

“Man always has had a compelling urge to make representations of the things he sees in the world around him. As he looks at the creatures that share his daily activities, he first tries to draw or sculpt or mold their forms in recognizable fashions. Then, when he becomes more skillful, he attempts to capture something of a creature’s movements – a look, a leap, a struggle. And ultimately, he seeks to portray the very spirit of his subject. For some presumptuous reason, man feels the need to create something of his own that appears to be living, that has an inner strength, a vitality, a separate identity – something that speaks out with authority – a creation that gives the illusion of life.” – Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston

This book, called the animator’s Bible, covers an incredible time period in animation history. It speaks about the early days of animation, the art form, the discoveries, created principles, and hard knock lessons. From story to character development, acting, and dialogue, The Illusion of Life will take every artist studying animation down through the corridors of time to where it all began. The term “rich” will not suffice the treasures in this book.

Animator’s Survival Kit – Richard Williams

“While I was making The Little Island I had seen a re-release of Bambi, but since I’d considered myself a revolutionary in the field of animation, I’d rejected the film as conventional. But when I finished my film, I saw Bambi again and almost crawled out of the theatre on my hands and knees. “How did they ever do that?” I’d learned just enough to realize that I really didn’t know anything.” – Richard Williams

The Animator’s Survival Kit is a thorough animation book written by Richard Williams, another product of the Golden Age Era. He studied the art form and learned from individuals like Art Babbitt and Ken Harris. As Director of Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Williams lays it all out on the line in this book. The book is a fascinating 342 pages long and covers everything imaginable about animation including directing animated films.

Cartoon Animation – Preston Blair

“An animator must consider a number of things when planning and creating animated movement. First, he or she must devise a plan for the action the character is supposed to perform. Once the plan is set, the actual movements of the character can be designed and rough sketches of the movements drawn. (At this stage, the animator should be well acquainted with the character so the movements will appear natural). Next, key (or “extreme”) poses are drawn; then the key poses are used as guides to draw the in-between movements.” – Preston Blair

Preston Blair focuses on five areas in his book, character development, character movement, animation, dialogue, and technical topics as camera synchronization and sound. One can review his talent in the Sorcerer’s Apprentice scene in Disney’s classic film Fantasia. He animated Mickey. Preston Blair died in 1995 but he left a wealthy and vibrant masterpiece worthy of any animator’s bookshelf.

Simplified Drawing for Planning Animation – Wayne Gilbert

“When animating, always know the reason behind a character’s movements. By showing the reason behind the way a character moves, you are showing the personality, emotion, and the result of what the character thinks – Acting. The entire body should reflect the emotion and psychology of the character… Simplified Drawing for Planning Animation is an approach to short-hand drawing that will make planning your animation easier and in turn can make animating much easier.” – Wayne Gilbert

Wayne’s book was written very uniquely. Its design has the aspiring animator to start from the back of the book and work toward the front. He reversed the chapters by starting with the finished product, what every beginner wants to create first, and then works back to the basic foundation elements of drawing shapes. Once at the end he has you work back to the beginning of the book – truly ingenious! Simplified Drawing for Planning Animation really puts the animator through a challenging boot-camp workout another must have in an animator’s library.

The Male and Female Figure in Motion – Edward Muybridge

This book shows sixty photographic sequences of the human form in motion. Understanding body mechanics is extremely important when animating characters. Studying the human form in motion, as shown in The Male and Female Figure in Motion, will greatly increase an animator’s understanding and aid him or her in the animation process. Creating walk cycles, run cycles, and action movement, as in sports, are all things an animator will have to be able to do at some point in their career.

The remaining five books are just as important as the others. This article gave you a brief look into the top five picks for best animation reading. Now, go and discover what makes the rest must have books on the animator’s bookshelf!

  • Character Animation Crash Course! – Eric Goldberg (renown animator)
  • Acting for Animators – Ed Hooks
  • Timing for Animation – Harold Whitaker & John Halas
  • Animation from Script to Screen – Shamus Culhane
  • Inspired 3D Short Film Production – Pepe Valencia & Jeremy Cantor

Studying animation books is a part of the learning process. The information in them is invaluable to the animator. Some of these books listed here were created and inspired by the Animator’s Bible that is how important having this information is. The following is from Simplified Drawing for Planning Animation by Wayne Gilbert,

“Spend half of your time planning your scene and the other half animating it.” – Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston, The Illusion of Life

So, my question to you is, “Do you own these top 10 animation books?”

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